Tsuikahô 428: On Building in the City

Translated by Chris Bovberg

(Bun’ei 2nd year (1265), 3rd month,) 5th day; kinoe inu.

Townspeople’s houses shall be prohibited throughout Kamakura; nine locations shall be exempted. 1 Further, digging up an avenue in front of one’s house to build an addition is similarly prohibited. 2 Today, the land magistrate 3 Onozawa Fifth-ranked third-level manager of the Left Inner Palace Guard Initiate {Nakazane} was commanded to convey this to {the residents of} the various precincts.

 Regarding the permitted places for the construction of townspeople’s house

One place: Ōmachi

One place: Komachi

One place: Uomachi

One place: Kokumachi 4

One place: Musashi no Ōji no shita 5

One place: Sujikaebashi

One place: Ōkura tsuji

Original Text 原文




 一所大町 一所小町 一所魚町 一所穀町 一所武蔵大路下 一所須地賀江橋 


Kundoku 訓読



一所、大町 一所、小町 一所、魚町うおまち 一所、穀町こくまち 一所、武蔵大路下  一所、須地賀江橋すじかえばし 一所、大倉辻

Modern 現代語訳




  1. Only seven places are listed here.

  1. Digging an avenue involved filling and diverting the drainage ditch (mizo) that ran parallel , diminishing the breadth of the avenue. These ditches varied in size and sophistication, with grander versions running along Wakamiya Avenue roughly three meters across, supported with wooden walls and crossbeams and traversed with short bridges.

  1. Land magistrates (jibugyōnin) served under the Board of Councilors, managing affairs related to the land of the city of Kamakura (e.g. houses, transportation etc). There were typically two land magistrates serving together.

  1. Most likely the same as Komemachi as seen in Tsuika-ho #272

  1. Kamegayastu